Combat Jobs For Women In The Army – Master Sgt. Renee Baldwin fires a .50-caliber machine gun during a training exercise at the Joint Multinational Training Command’s Grafenwoehr Field in Germany last summer. Soon, six additional military occupations where women have traditionally been allowed to… (Photo credit: US) SHOW ORIGINAL
WASHINGTON (News Service, Feb. 9, 2012) — The United States today announced plans to open six occupations and more than 13,000 jobs to women.
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These six military specialties, or MOSs, were previously closed to women because they were typically located in direct combat units:
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DOD officials said at a press conference at the Pentagon Thursday afternoon that they notified Congress of plans to open that MOS to women, and that the change would take effect after the 30 days of continuous congressional session required by law. That is expected to happen later this spring, said Lt. Gen. Gary Patton, DOD’s director of military personnel policy.
In addition, officials announced that 1,186 more battalion-level positions will be opened for women in the Marine Corps and Navy. These are professions filled with women, but only at the brigade or senior level.
A 1994 DOD policy, known as the Direct Combat Identification and Assignment Rule, prohibited women from serving in combat units affiliated with a military branch. But the defense secretary has now granted an exemption to the policy allowing women to serve in some positions in battalion-level combat units.
The six professions previously barred to women were due to the “co-deployment” aspect of the 1994 policy, which restricted women from serving in MOSs, which are theoretically co-located with military units.
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DOD plans to eliminate the “co-location” rule because of the nonlinear and fluid nature of today’s battlefield, where there is often no front line, said Assistant Secretary of Defense for Military Policy Virginia “Wee” Penrod.
“The combat environment we’ve experienced in Afghanistan and Iraq requires our forces to be spread across the country,” Penrod said. “There is no rear area in this battle space. It has become irrelevant to continue to limit positions to engage only direct combat forces.’
Patton said it may take some time to recruit and train women in the six professions where they have not previously served. Training them as tank mechanics, for example, takes more time than putting them at the battalion level in an MOS they know, he said.
Women will be placed in new positions to replace men, Patton said. The regular rotation schedule will be maintained and the men will not leave earlier than scheduled, he said.
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In six months, DOD will evaluate the response of women serving in the new positions and use the information to reexamine the appropriateness and relevance of banning direct combat force assignments on the ground, Penrod said.
“We recognize the growing role of women in the military,” Patton said. “I’ve seen women in combat perform in an enhanced role. I’m proud of them.” U.S. Army Spc. Reyna Fishburne assists Staff Sgt. Tessa Vandegrift with her gear before jumping as part of the Airborne School’s anniversary celebration on Aug. 15, 2015 at Lawson Army Airfield, Fort Benning. The 1-507th Parachute Infantry Regiment (PIR) is celebrating its 75th anniversary in the US Army. Airborne School and commemoration of the last preliminary jump of the First Air Test Squadron on 15 August 1940.
WASHINGTON – Two women have just passed the Army’s rigorous ranger test, and more difficult and dangerous jobs may lie ahead. The military is allowing women to fill front-line combat roles, including special forces, senior officials told The Associated Press.
Based on initial negotiations, officials say the Army, Navy and Air Force are not seeking concessions that would prevent women from being fired. Marine Corps leaders, they said, expressed concern about allowing women to serve in the infantry and still seek benefits.
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The services are finalizing reviews and should present their recommendations to Defense Secretary Ash Carter this fall. The officials asked not to be named because they are not authorized to discuss internal matters.
Even if Navy chiefs are opposed, they may face opposition from senior Navy and Defense Department officials who want the military to unite on the issue.
According to the Marine Corps, Special Operations Command allows women to compete for the most demanding military leadership positions, including the Navy and Army DeltaForce positions, but it could be several years before women try. enter them. fields.
Women in the military are steadily moving into previously male-only jobs, including Osama bin Laden’s compound as members of the 160th Special Operations Air Force, better known as Navy helicopter crews. Women now serve in Navy submarines and Army artillery units.
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Friday marked another milestone for the two women, who graduated from Ranger School at Fort Benning, Georgia, a physically and mentally demanding two-month combat leadership course. Completing the course allows both women to wear the black and gold Ranger tab, but it does not allow them to become a member of the Ranger Corps. Neither woman has been officially named by the military.
Longer-term, the uncertainty surrounding the Navy’s decision reflects the ongoing debate in the military about the changing role of women and reflects the individual characteristics of the services and how they view the military.
Last year, the Navy considered a waiver that would have barred women from serving on older guided-missile frigates, mine countermeasures vessels and territorial sea vessels. Some have argued that these ships, which are slated to be decommissioned in the coming years, would cost millions of dollars to add facilities for women and that it would not be worth it.
But Navy SEAL Ray Mabus dropped that plan in a memo obtained by the AP late last month. Navy leaders have concluded that there is no real exception because women can perform the same jobs on other ships, officials said.
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Sergeant. Jeanette Ventura, left, receives instruction from Sgt. Shawn Bernstein on techniques for handling the M45 1911 A1 pistol during a women’s militia group training course on July 1 aboard the littoral attack ship USS Essex (LHD 2).
There are thousands of infantry, artillery and gunnery jobs in the Army and Marine Corps that are currently closed to women. There has been much research and debate as to whether these positions should be unlocked, as they often involve fighting in small units on the front lines, and physical punishment.
The Marine Corps launched a task force this year to establish gender-neutral operational standards and determine whether putting women in small groups would affect unit cohesion or combat readiness. The all-male and mixed-gender companies spent up to three months in California completing various unit projects and undergoing rigorous scientific evaluation to see how they performed. Senior executives are reviewing these findings.
Army commanders conducted such a scientific analysis, looking at all the tasks required to perform combat jobs, and created gender-neutral standards that soldiers must meet to qualify. Meanwhile, the military slowly began opening up some combat positions to women, including artillery jobs.
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Officials familiar with the debate in recent days believe the military will allow women to apply for infantry and weapons jobs.
“Good talent management requires selecting the best people who can perform to the standards we set,” Odierno said. “If you can meet the standards that we set, then you should be able to perform in that position. I think that’s where we’re headed.”
In January 2013, then-Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Martin Dempsey signed an executive order to lift age restrictions on women who fight for their country, leaving a quarter of a million positions open regardless of gender. They called for a wide-ranging review of the physical requirements for combat jobs and asked the armed services whether any positions should be closed to women by January 2016.
Throughout the process, the entire service has made it clear that it will not lower the requirements for jobs that require women. But they looked at the requirements for various combat positions and made sure they were directly related to the tasks that must be performed as part of the job.
U.s. Military Opens All Combat Jobs To Women
Dempsey told reporters at a 2013 news conference that he doesn’t rule out women serving as special forces members, but it could be years before they actually qualify.
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