How Can Deforestation Be Prevented – Deforestation is a threat that we urgently need to address. We have lost most of the world’s forests, it is imperative to save what is left.
The world’s oldest forests are in crisis. Mostly due to deforestation, more than 80 percent have been destroyed or degraded. It is important to fight the destruction of the forest, as the rest is at risk of illegal logging or deforestation.
How Can Deforestation Be Prevented
Illegal logging has a negative impact on the world’s forests. Its effects include deforestation, loss of biodiversity and fueling climate change. This creates social conflict with indigenous and local people and leads to violence, crime and human rights abuses.
Our Solution: How To Stop Deforestation In Borneo — Health In Harmony
Ancient forests have evolved over thousands of years to become unique and important habitats for millions of plant and animal species. They are also home to millions of people who depend on them for their livelihoods.
It is estimated that around 1.6 billion people worldwide depend on forests for their livelihoods and 60 million indigenous people depend on forests for their livelihood.
Between August 2003 and 2004, the rate of deforestation in the Amazon, the largest rainforest, was the second highest ever recorded. An area of 26,130 square kilometers – the size of Belgium – has been destroyed, mostly illegally.
Revenues from illegal logging have been used to finance civil wars, organized crime and money laundering, all of which threaten global security. Illegal logging undermines the well-managed legal timber trade run by responsible companies by lowering its value and making it uncompetitive.
Cambodia: Communities Key To Forest Conservation
The World Bank estimates that illegal logging costs timber-producing countries $10-15 billion a year in lost revenue, which is more than a tenth of the world’s timber trade, which is estimated more than 150 billion dollars a year. . This lost revenue is badly needed for essential public services such as building schools and hospitals.
“To expect or demand that a country combat illegal logging, and to accept or import illegal trees, does not support efforts to combat these forest crimes…In fact, allowing the import and Illegal timber trade can be seen as helping or even committing a crime against the forest.” – Mohamed Prakusa, Indonesia’s Minister of Forestry, January 2003. Causes of the problem
Poor governance and corruption in timber producing countries and the failure of governments in consumer countries such as the EU, US and Japan to ban illegal and destructive timber imports allow unscrupulous logging companies and timber traders to the world to benefit from ancient forests. .
The global increase in demand for wood products, regardless of their legality, fuels forest destruction. For example, the European Union is a significant importer of timber from areas where illegal logging and destruction is common.
Why Are Countries Failing On Their Promise To Stop Deforestation?
It is surprising that the European Union has no law to stop illegal timber being brought into Europe. The European Union’s Action Plan on Forest Law Enforcement and Trade, known as FLEGT, recommends the establishment of laws, including bans on illegal imports. So far the European Commission has promoted voluntary action, which is considered insufficient to protect forests or the people who depend on them for their livelihoods. It is not enough to save the forests.
The market for verifying the legitimacy of timber products is growing. Many systems and services have been developed to test, license or certify trees as legal. The need to evaluate and monitor the reliability of these programs is very important for this task. This evaluation, based on desktop analysis and direct communication with the world’s major verifiers, evaluates seven valid verification methods according to the criteria that provide the minimum requirements necessary to ensure trust. Future epidemics can be prevented if unsustainable practices like logging and industrial-scale wildlife trade are stopped, according to the Global Biodiversity Report. The cost of doing so will be repaid many times over. because we don’t need to go through another disease. .
Millions of people live or work in close contact with wild animals that carry disease, and this industry is not properly regulated. The more people cut down the forests of agricultural land, for example, the more they push into the habitats of animals, and thus constantly come into contact with wild animals with pathogens.
Curbing the global wildlife trade and mitigating land-use change costs $40-58 billion a year, the report says, which is a lot, but the Covid-19 pandemic is estimated to cost the global economy $8-16 trillion a month. July. The crisis of Covid-19, the disaster A total of $1 trillion a year has been collected—including medical costs and economic and productive losses—including HIV and influenza epidemics.
How Can Indonesia Improve Redd+ To Stop Deforestation?
“It’s really an effective and surprising economic return on investment that we want to see if we can get it right,” said report author Peter Deshack of the EcoHealth Alliance in New York.
Almost every known disease comes from animals, Dashek said. Covid-19 came from bats in China. “HIV was created by poaching chimpanzees,” he said, and the recent Ebola outbreak was caused by poaching.
Many of the most harmful practices are driven by Western consumption practices. “The reason roads are built in the rainforests of Indonesia is to bring in palm oil,” Dashek said. Palm oil is used in many foods, including packaged bread, ice cream and peanut butter.
Another issue is the wild animals sold as pets and food, which are only tested for many diseases. “The United States is one of the largest importers of wildlife,” he said.
Deforestation Is Slowed By Protected Areas, But Not Prevented • Earth.com
Studies of Chinese people’s immune systems suggest that more than a million people a year are infected by the bat-related coronavirus that is fueling the current pandemic, Dazak said. Most of these exposures do not result in major outbreaks, but each has its own risks.
“There are a lot of people who have been exposed to a large amount in the region,” he said. “These people are people who live near bat caves, hide in bat caves to get out of the rain, hunt and eat bats, use bat excrement as medicine, and spread bat excrement on crops to fertilize.
Live wildlife markets, such as those involved in the early outbreak of Covid-19, are also a factor if not well managed. Often the different species nest together in close quarters, and the owners of the stands live with them in their families. “There are many ways to make it safer,” Daszak said.
The report will reveal the next major meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity, which will be held in China in 2021 after being postponed because of the disaster, said Anne Larigaudry, secretary of IBEES. ten years
Saving A Forest
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The red-eyed tree frog, one of the most popular species in the Amazon. Image credit: Getty Images.
Do you think about parrots and poisonous frogs, about marmosets and giant trees, and how tropical forests are home to about 50% of Earth’s species? Are you thinking about the sheer scale of the Amazon, a vast ecosystem that covers 40% of South America and produces 20% of the world’s oxygen?
Forests Can Help Prevent Floods And Droughts — European Environment Agency
Such thinking is certainly justified. Since the 1970s, an area of the Amazon larger than the size of Texas has been cleared. In addition to the irreversible loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services, deforestation releases important greenhouse gases, which account for approximately 20% of global emissions. In short, Amazon’s decline is bad news.
Deforestation rates in the Amazon rainforest have slowed dramatically over the past decade. In 2004 during the peak of deforestation, 27,400 square kilometers of the Amazon forest were cleared in one year, an area the size of Massachusetts. In 2014, the rate of deforestation in the Amazon fell to 4,800 square kilometers of forest per year, about one-sixth of the peak rate in 2004.
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