How Do I Become A Army Ranger – The U.S. Army Sgt. 1st Class James Lovett, from Alpha Company, 1st Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, stands in formation during an awards ceremony led by Army Chief of Staff Gen. Ray Odierno at Hunter Army Airfield, Georgia, Oct. 26, 2012. (Staff Sgt. Teddy Wade/Office of the Chief of Public Affairs)
“Watchmen Lead the Way” is not just a proverb; it is true. Each Ranger unit can deploy anywhere in the world with just 18 hours notice. The Rangers are part of a highly trained and rapidly deployable infantry force with specialized capabilities that enable them to engage a variety of conventional and Special Operations targets.
How Do I Become A Army Ranger
The Ranger’s primary mission is to engage the enemy in close combat and direct fire. This work includes direct operations, attacks, recovery of personnel and special equipment in addition to normal or special light operations.
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Becoming a Ranger requires completing one of the toughest training schools in the world. Ranger candidates train to exhaustion, pushing the limits of their minds and bodies.
The motto “Rangers Lead the Way” has proven true for over 60 years. Since the first group of selected volunteers served in World War II, Rangers have led more than 50 campaigns, including operations in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Known as the 75th Ranger Regiment, the Rangers today are the premier infantry infantry in the U.S. The military and serves as part of the U.S. Special Operations Command. Their job is to plan and execute special operations in support of US policy and objectives.
History of the U.S. Army Ranger predates the Revolutionary War. In the mid-1700s, Capt. Benjamin Church and Maj. Robert Rogers’ Ranger units fought in King Philip’s War and the French and Indian War. Rogers wrote 19 standing orders that are still in use today.
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The Continental Congress established eight companies of skilled shooters in 1775 to fight in the Revolutionary War. In 1777, this force of hardened soldiers led by Dan Morgan became known as The Corps of Rangers. Francis Marion, “The Swamp Fox,” organized another famous Ranger War known as Marion’s Partisans.
During the War of 1812, companies of U.S. Guardsmen were raised from the frontiersmen as part of the regular army. Throughout the war, they traveled the border from Ohio to western Illinois by horse and canoe. They participated in many battles and conflicts with the British and their Indian allies. Many famous men were in Ranger units in the 18th and 19th centuries including Daniel Boone and Abraham Lincoln.
The Civil War included Rangers such as John Singleton Mosby – the most famous Confederate Ranger of the Civil War. His attacks on Union camps and bases were so effective, a portion of central western Virginia soon became known as Mosby’s Confederacy.
After the Civil War, more than half a century passed without Ranger units in America. However, during World War II (1941-1945), the United States, using British Commando standards, opened up six Rangers.
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Maj. (later Brig. Gen.) William O. Darby organized and activated the 1st Ranger Battalion on June 19, 1942, in Carrickfergus, Northern Ireland. The 1st Ranger Battalion participated in the landing in North Africa in Arzew, Algeria, in the Tunisian Wars and the important Battle of El Guettar.
The 3rd and 4th Ranger Battalions were opened and trained by Col. Darby in Africa towards the end of the Tunisian Campaign. The 1st, 3rd, and 4th Battalions make up the Ranger Battalion. They started the tradition of wearing the shoulder sleeve insignia, which is officially recognized in Ranger battles today.
The 2nd and 5th Ranger Battalions participated in the June 6, 1944, D-Day Landings at Omaha Beach, Normandy. It was during the bitter war on the seas that the Rangers got their motto, “Rangers, lead the way!” They took on missions that included scaling the cliffs at Pointe Du Hoc, overlooking Omaha Beach, to destroy the German guns trained on the beachhead.
The 6th Ranger Battalion served in the Philippines and conducted a rescue mission that freed American prisoners of war from a Japanese POW camp in Cabanatuan in January 1945. The 6th Battalion destroyed a Japanese POW camp and freed more than 500 prisoners.
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The 75th Infantry Regiment was first organized in the China-Burma-India Theater on Oct. 3, 1943, as The Work of Galahad. During the campaigns in the China-Burma-India Theater the unit became known as Merrill’s Marauders after its commander, Maj. Gen. Frank D. Merrill. The Ranger Battalion was decommissioned at the end of WWII.
The outbreak of war in Korea in June 1950 again demonstrated the need for Rangers. Fifteen Ranger Companies were formed during the Korean War. The Rangers fought in the winter of 1950 and the spring of 1951. They were marching soldiers, first stepping on one army and then another. They performed “outside” work – scouting, patrolling, raiding, ambushes, frontal attacks and as assault troops to recover lost positions.
The Rangers were called back to serve their country during the Vietnam War. The 75th Infantry was reorganized on Jan. 1, 1969, as the parent organization under the Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS). Fifteen different Ranger companies were formed in this reorganization. The Thirteenth served in Vietnam until it was closed on August 15, 1972.
In January 1974, Chief of Staff Gen. Creighton Abrams created the Rangers. The 1st Battalion (Ranger), 75th Infantry was activated and parachuted into Fort Stewart, Georgia, on 1 July 1974. The 2nd Battalion (Ranger), 75th Infantry was activated on 1 October 1974. The 3rd Battalion, 75th Infantry (Ranger), and Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 75th Infantry (Ranger) received their colors on Oct. 3, 1984, Fort Benning, Georgia. The 75th Ranger Regiment was designated in February 1986.
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The current Ranger Corps was first named in 1980. Elements of the 1st Battalion, 75th Infantry (Ranger) participated in the Iranian rescue effort.
In October 1983, the 1st and 2nd Ranger Battalions led Operation Urgent Fury by conducting a parachute assault to capture Point Salines Airfield (now Maurice Bishop International Airport) in St. Louis. George’s, Grenada, and save the American citizens from the True Blue Medical Campus.
The entire 75th Ranger Regiment participated in Operation Just Cause. The Ranger led this initiative by performing two important tasks. Simultaneous parachute attacks were carried out at Torrijos/Tocumen International Airport, Rio Hato Airfield and the beach house of Gen. Manuel Noriega to stop the Panamanian Defense Force. The Rangers captured 1,014 enemy POWs and over 18,000 pieces of ammunition of various types.
Elements of Company B and 1st Platoon Company A, 1st Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment deployed to Saudi Arabia from February 12, 1991, to April 15, 1991, in support of Operation Desert Storm.
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In August 1993, members of the 3rd Battalion, along with the 75th Ranger Regiment, were deployed to Somalia to assist United Nations forces in stabilizing the country, which was in turmoil and famine. On Oct. On the 3rd, 1993, the Rangers conducted a daylight raid with the 1st SFOD-D. For nearly 18 hours, the Rangers delivered a devastating fire, killing an estimated 600 Somalis in what many called the deadliest battle since Vietnam.
In November. On 24, 2000, the 75th Ranger Regiment deployed Regimental Reconnaissance Detachment (RRD) Group 2 with a command and control element in Kosovo in support of TF Falcon.
After September 11, 2001, the Rangers were called upon to lead the Global War on Terror. On October 19, 2001, the 3rd Battalion and 75th Ranger Regiment led ground forces in conducting an airborne assault to capture Objective Rhino in Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. On March 28, 2003, the 3rd Battalion conducted the first air strike in Iraq to capture Objective Snake in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Due to the changing nature of the war and the need for a more flexible and stable Ranger Army, the Regimental Special Troops Battalion (RSTB) was activated on 17 July 2006. The RSTB conducts maintenance, intelligence, reconnaissance and sustainment operations in small groups. stationed at regimental headquarters and then attached within each of the three Ranger battalions. The operation of the RSTB marks a major step in the transformation of the Ranger Corps from a unit designed for short-term “emergency operations” to continuous combat operations without loss of lethality or flexibility.
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Soldiers from its four leading battles in the Global War on Terror. The 75th Ranger Regiment conducted long-term combat operations in many countries and was deployed from many locations in the United States, something that had never been seen before. The Rangers have conducted combat operations for nearly all of the deployed special operations, regular forces and organizations in support of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. The Ranger Regiment has carried out a wide range of different operations, including aerial and air strikes in Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as increased infiltration behind enemy lines, heavy urban assaults and rescue operations.
In addition to conducting operations in support of the Global War on Terrorism, the 75th Ranger Regiment trains in the United States and other countries in preparation for unspecified international military deployments. The Army continues to recruit, evaluate and train the next generation of Rangers and Ranger leadership.
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