Qualifications To Be An Astronaut

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Being an astronaut is a big commitment. Astronaut candidates, usually selected in their 30s and 40s, typically begin to leave prestigious careers to become astronauts. Studying means long days at work and lots of travel. Nor is there any guarantee that they will.

Qualifications To Be An Astronaut

However, more than 18,000 Americans competed in this round of NASA’s astronaut competition. The new candidates will be announced on Wednesday (June 7) and will report to the main training in August. Here’s what it takes to become a NASA astronaut and what happens when you’re selected.

Ways To Become An Astronaut

NASA has strict requirements to become an astronaut. This job is not only very physical, but also requires technical skills to perform difficult tasks in the field or at a station away from home.

The agency’s basic requirements include a bachelor’s degree in engineering, biological sciences, physical sciences, computer science or mathematics, followed by three years of professional experience (or 1,000 hours of flight experience). Applicants must also pass NASA’s astronaut physical exam. However, there are many other specialties to choose from, such as diving, desert experience, leadership experience, and content in other languages ​​(especially Russian, which all current astronauts must learn).

Pictured: Basic requirements to become a NASA astronaut, but selected candidates often have more experience.

From the first group of seven astronauts selected for the Mercury program in 1959, NASA selected 22 “astronaut” classes. Since then, the program has grown and changed significantly. The first few classes of astronauts were primarily members of the military, especially test pilots – a group considered ready to fight extreme threats. But as NASA’s program grew, more skill sets were needed.

Tests And Training To Become A Nasa Astronaut

For example, the fourth class of astronauts (in 1969) were called “Scientists”, and the only geologist to walk on the moon was Harrison Apple (on Apollo 17). Other notable classes include the eighth class of 1978 (including women’s, African American, and Asian American suffrage), the 16th class of 1996 (the largest class, 44 for frequent flyers for the construction of an international terminal). elected member) and the 21st class of 2013 (the first class with a 50/50 gender split. [International Station (Photos)]

In this photo: NASA’s most recent group of astronauts, shown above, was selected in 2013. It was the first class to be evenly split between male and female applicants.

The new class of astronauts has many vehicles to look forward to. Today, astronauts use the Russian Soyuz spacecraft to reach the International Space Station, a key testing ground for long-duration spaceflight. However, in the coming years, NASA hopes to go beyond low Earth orbit again for missions to the Moon and Mars. If that happens, the new team of astronauts will use the Orion spacecraft for deep exploration.

New astronauts look forward to liftoff from American soil as a new class of commercial vehicles is ready. Both X and Boeing are creating art for NASA’s commercial crew program, which is expected to be launched in earnest by the end of the decade. It will be the first time Americans have flown from the United States since the shuttle program ended in 2011. [Orion Explained: NASA’s Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (Infographic)]

Have You Got What It Takes To Become An Astronaut?

New astronauts can begin their careers on the International Space Station or fly further afield. It all depends on where American politics will go in the coming years and in which programs NASA is involved. The station will last until 2024, but can be extended until 2028.

Other plans are less numerous, but NASA has a few ideas. The agency is testing the Orion spacecraft, which is expected to land on the moon in 2019. – 2020s and beyond.

Where’s next? If the current plan persists long enough, NASA hopes to send astronauts to Mars in the 2030s. As part of that, the agency recently announced a “deep gate” station near the moon that could help astronauts prepare for deep dives or trips to Mars.

In this photo: An artist’s concept of a “deep gate” station that could be used near the Moon in the coming years.

Nasa’s Four Requirements To Become An Astronaut

Although the public pays a lot of attention to astronauts when they enter, the reality is that astronauts will spend only a portion of their careers in the air. Most of his time will be spent supporting training and other missions.

First, astronaut candidates will go through about two years of basic training, where they will learn survival training, language, technical skills and what it takes to become an astronaut. After graduation, new astronauts may be assigned to technical positions in the astronaut department at the Johnson Center in Houston. These tasks may include supporting current missions or advising NASA engineers on future craft development.

In this photo: Ann McClain, a member of the astronaut class of 2013, serves as a CapCom (capsule communicator) with the International Station. In this role, the astronaut on the ground communicates directly with the astronauts on the station, providing instructions to the rest of Mission Control.

Astronaut candidates go through a rigorous process before being certified as flight-ready astronauts of the newly selected class. Among the many tasks will be learning to walk, build robots, fly planes and work at an international airport.

Astronaut Job Applications Open To Irish People

Astronaut candidates will fly NASA’s fleet of T-38s to gain piloting skills; Swimming in the Johnson Center’s 60-foot-deep pool (called the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory); the station’s robotic arm, which captures a simulated vessel using a hands-on version of Canadarm2; learning the Russian language; and receive basic training for working in the station. Astronauts also deepen their leadership and tracking skills through geology and survival training. [Historical photo: station layout in neutral buoyancy simulator]

Astronaut candidates selected by NASA will work primarily with that agency, but will also have the opportunity to tap into a network of international partnerships. Along with commercial partners developing flight equipment in the United States and various NASA centers involved in human spaceflight, 16 countries participate in the International Space Station – each with their own expertise.

For example, Roscosmos (the Russian federal agency) operates several modules on the station and sends astronauts to operate the Soyuz rocket. The Canadian agency is heavily involved in robotic operations such as handling cargo ships with Canadarm2. Other major international partners are the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan Aeronautics and Space Administration (JAKSA). Each of these agencies has its own astronauts who work on the station and in the astronaut department.

In this photo: Major partner countries are introduced for the first time on Expedition 20 on the International Station. From left to right: cosmonaut of the Russian Federal Service (Roscosmos) Roman Romanenko; Japanese astronaut Kochi Wakata; European astronaut Frank De Wien; NASA astronaut Michael Barratt; Canadian Air Force (CSA) astronaut Bob Thirsk; NASA astronaut Tim Kopra; and Russian cosmonaut Gennady Padalka.

Do You Have The Right Stuff To Become An Astronaut?

NASA received a record 18,353 applications for this round. First, HR officers review each application to determine whether it meets the basic requirements. Each professional program is then reviewed by an astronaut evaluation committee. The judging panel consists of about 50 people, mostly current astronauts. The board identified hundreds of highly qualified candidates and then screened each candidate.

With this move, the number of candidates was reduced to only 120 people. A small group, the Astronaut Selection Board, then invited these candidates for an interview and medical examination. After that, the 50 best candidates passed a second interview and a further medical examination. The final astronaut candidates will be selected from this pool of 50 people.

In this photo: The Astronaut Application Review Team, along with members of NASA’s Human Resources Division, review applications from astronaut applicants.

Successful shortlisted applicants receive a call from the Director of Flight Operations at NASA’s Johnson Center as well as the Director of the Astronaut Office. NASA asks applicants to share the news only with members of their immediate family until NASA makes an official announcement.

How To Become An Astronaut? Your Guide To Your Dream

NASA then usually holds a press conference to announce the new candidates and invites journalists and those with social media accounts to ask questions of the new class of astronauts. Then candidates prepare quickly with less time

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