What Does Adderall Do To The Body – Dextroamphetamine, or Adderall as the drug’s brand name, is a powerful stimulant commonly prescribed to help manage attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as well as to treat narcolepsy – a sleep disorder that causes individuals to falls asleep randomly.
Although prescription Adderall can be extremely effective in treating these conditions, it has its drawbacks. Many prescription stimulants, including amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, are classified by the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) as Schedule II controlled substances.
What Does Adderall Do To The Body
This means that while these drugs have accepted medical uses, they also carry a high risk of substance abuse. Unfortunately, the abuse of prescription stimulants, especially Adderall, has become more prevalent in the United States in recent years.
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Because of this, incentives have become heavily regulated by the federal government. For example, the medical use of Adderall is highly regulated, requiring a prescription to be renewed each time a person needs a refill.
Keep reading to learn more about Adderall addiction and how to find effective forms of treatment!
As a central nervous system stimulant, Adderall works by directly affecting the brain’s reward center. For someone who does not need Adderall, using this drug can produce feelings of extreme confidence, euphoria, improved concentration, and decreased appetite.
These effects are what generally lead people to abuse Adderall because they believe it can enhance their abilities. However, these supposed benefits are only temporary and are likely to lead to further complications with long-term abuse.
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People diagnosed with ADHD are often prescribed stimulants, such as Adderall, to help improve focus and attention by reducing a person’s hyperactive and impulsive behavior.
This is done by increasing the levels of norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain. Adderall activates the production of these neurotransmitters, which are the two main hormones associated with the brain’s reward centers.
These effects can be very helpful in treating ADHD, as increased levels of these hormones can help calm a hyperactive person’s system, ultimately increasing concentration and productivity levels.
People prescribed Adderall are also likely encouraged to participate in certain therapeutic and behavioral health services at the same time. This allows them to better understand how their mind works and manage their symptoms in their daily lives.
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Those who are prescribed Adderall are likely to develop a dependence on the drug rather than an addiction to it. This means that their body chemistry will adapt to the regular presence of this drug.
Although they may be addicted to it, trying to stop or taper off Adderall will not cause an intense craving for the drug or an obsessive need to use it. However, it may take a doctor’s help to safely taper off Adderall to give your body time to adjust to its absence.
For those who misuse Adderall, whether with or without a prescription, this will eventually lead to the development of a tolerance to the drug. When this happens, they will need to start using Adderall more often or in higher doses to get the desired effect.
This behavior will eventually create both a psychological and physical dependence on the drug, causing the person to be driven by a constant need to obtain and abuse Adderall because they may no longer be able to produce dopamine or norepinephrine on its own.
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They will also develop intense physical and mental side effects when they try to reduce or stop using this drug, an experience called withdrawal. At this point, professional addiction treatment will likely be necessary to overcome Adderall addiction.
As a prescription drug, Adderall usually comes in the form of tablets or pills that are taken by mouth. When it comes to those who abuse this substance, these Adderall pills are often crushed and snorted.
Snorting Adderall can produce a faster and more intense high; however, this way of abusing drugs can bring with it significant health problems as well as a greater risk of addiction.
Many individuals who abuse Adderall also abuse alcohol and other drugs with this substance. This is usually done in an attempt to enhance certain effects of Adderall, such as euphoria and increased energy.
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However, mixing certain substances can also increase a person’s risk of unwanted side effects, including overdose. This can lead to permanent health damage and even death if not treated properly.
It’s important to understand that anyone can develop an addiction, whether it’s to prescription drugs like Adderall or any other substance.
In addition, there are certain people who may be at a higher risk of abusing and becoming addicted to Adderall, including:
Most people would not know if someone is taking Adderall unless they themselves understood the drug and the effects it has on users. Someone who takes the drug as prescribed should not experience any symptoms of addiction to Adderall.
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However, if a person self-medicates with higher doses or otherwise abuses Adderall, some changes in their behavior will most likely be observed. This may include significant differences in their sleep habits or a renewed hyper-fixation on tasks and work.
It can also include significant changes in their energy levels, such as random bursts of extreme alertness and exhaustion, correlated with Adderall’s highs and lows.
Most people who take Adderall will also experience some degree of weight loss. When someone starts abusing the drug, one of the most common symptoms of Adderall addiction is weight loss, which leads the person to an unhealthy body mass index (BMI).
Along with the generally pleasant feelings that can come from taking Adderall, there are some unpleasant side effects that can come from abusing it. Short-term abuse of Adderall can cause symptoms such as:
The Dangers Of Snorting Adderall
In addition to these short-term effects, chronic Adderall abuse can also have significant health consequences based on a person’s method of administration. Someone who crushes, liquefies, and uses this drug intravenously may increase the risk of venous collapse.
Furthermore, those who snort Adderall can cause extensive damage to the nasal cavity and even partially or completely lose their sense of smell. In general, long-term abuse of this substance can also cause high blood pressure, hair loss, decreased blood circulation, and irregular heartbeat.
When you take too much Adderall or use this drug repeatedly in a short period of time, it is possible for a person to overdose. This risk is drastically increased by mixing Adderall with other medications.
For example, someone who mixes this drug with alcohol not only increases the risk of an Adderall overdose, but also of alcohol poisoning. Both can be fatal if not addressed correctly.
How Long Does Adderall Stay In Your System?
Knowing how to recognize the warning signs of an Adderall overdose can not only prevent significant health problems from occurring, it can even save your life. When it comes to overdose symptoms, they can include:
If someone drastically reduces their use of Adderall or tries to stop using it completely, it can lead to the development of severe withdrawal symptoms. This may include:
The intensity of the Adderall withdrawal period can make it impossible for many people to overcome their addiction on their own. This is why those struggling with Adderall abuse are strongly encouraged to seek professional addiction treatment when trying to get sober.
There are several professional addiction treatment options available for those struggling with Adderall use disorder. These services may be similar to those recommended for the treatment of other substance abuse disorders involving prescription drugs, including:
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According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), because addiction is such a personal disease, participating in several different levels of care and following an integrated treatment plan is the best way to overcome this condition.
This may include dual diagnosis treatment options for those struggling with both a mental health disorder and substance abuse. These services can be provided through both inpatient and outpatient rehab programs, as well as addiction recovery support groups.
Participating in a medically supervised detox program is often a key part of the addiction recovery process for many forms of substance abuse. They allow individuals to gradually wean themselves off substance abuse, reducing some of the health risks associated with withdrawal.
When Adderall is tapered in a clinically controlled and supportive environment, this level of addiction treatment can help manage or prevent the more severe withdrawal symptoms associated with this stimulant use disorder.
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Additionally, certain anti-addiction medications may also be given to reduce drug cravings as well as the risk of relapse. People can participate in supervised detox as a form of independent treatment or as the first of several steps in the recovery process.
Find Addiction Rehabs’ mission is to help people struggling with addiction find the help they need. If you or a loved one is showing signs of Adderall abuse, we can find a treatment center and recovery services that can provide all of your care needs.
So don’t wait; Call our 24/7 helpline and let us help you take the first step to achieving sobriety and discovering a happier, healthier, substance-free person!
Nicole R. is an experienced and successful writer
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